Date of visit: 8 Nov 1999
Archaeologist: Sergio Cascella
According to SC, there are no textual references to the
theatre / the construction of the theatre from antiquity.
i. View from above post-scaenam, showing part of scaenae
frons, orchestra, cavea, ambularium
Basilica built around south of post-scaenam, blocking
route from city to south parodos. Older, Sullan,
Trajanic earthquake. Trajan's sister, Marciana, repaired
scaenae frons (clamped columns back together etc.)
and created an imperial cult at city end of S. parodos.
Also repaired by Antoninus Pius, who refers to earlier restoration
ii. View from ambularium area towards scaenae frons.
i. Section of ambularium and upper cavea, with retaining
wall in background.
ii. View from upper cavea towards unexcavated part of theatre.
[Not to scale, nor do the terms 'North' 'South'
'East' 'West' as used here have any connection with actual
compass orientation of theatre.]
Cavea is incompletely excavated. Original seats
remain in parts of cavea nearest orchestra;
upper seating has been re-used in later buildings.
Probably 6 kerkides.
Steps are 17-19 inches high; 36-37 inches deep (irregular).
Seats (white limestone) are . 74 inches deed, and 37-38
inches high (irregular)
Steps and seats in lower cavea.
Double ambularium half way up cavea.
First ambularium collapsed and is filled in, probably
during the building of the theatre as second ambularium
is directly beside the first - on same level etc..
Second ambularium has open arches facing down towards
the orchestra and is main access route.
From ambularium to lower and upper levels.
Two access points from above theatre.
From south parodos to orchestra level
View along 'south' parodos towards basilica, showing
pulpitum facade et al.
Post-Augustan (2nd century), in forward ambularium.
Earthquake in 4th century; scaenae fell outwards.
Massive statue in niche of scaenae frons.
Total height: 27 m.
Composite: Gello Antico: 8 m
Includes 3-level architrave, as photographed in Teano: tongue
and dart, dentyls, beading. Very similar to Forum
Corinthian: Green, yellow, Africano: 6 m
Niches and steps (2/3?) in pulpitum fašade.
fossa scenico covered by tiles.
Passageway under stage and apertures to stage as under floor
of amphitheatre: stage machinery?
Karina comments: Stage building, the left of stage building,
when facing it, remains of so-called 'railway tracks' compare
Sparta and, I think, Syracuse.
Cuts for placing of stage planks visible.
Temple above auditorium, cryptoporticus, not yet excavated.
Minverva's head is large enough to be cult statue - found
in kryptoporticus. Some foundations (Sullan
period) found, for something, possibly a pulpitum.
It would have risen above top level of seating, and would
be on direct axis with the theatre, but pre-dates Augustan
Theatre. But older access route beside parados
(south) suggests possible earlier (Hellenistic) theatre
Coloured marbles, opus sectile (as in Pompeii small
Cascella (Archaeologist) refers to Pergamum as possible
model (also has temple) cf. Corelli and Giros.
Augustan theatre (post-Pompey), but possible earlier theatre.
Includes saecellum and overlooked, possibly, by temple
of Minerva on theatre's axis (earlier than theatre?)
Dimensions: largest Campanian theatre (85 m in diameter).
Teano is also 85 m.
Rich scaenae frons.
Karina: This theatre to be investigated further for new
results, since we visited.